Here is a partial listing of individuals interred in the historic 1808 Christ Church Cemetery Episcopal Cemetery in Alexandria, Virginia. Please note that this list is not exhaustive, and new names will be added periodically. If you know any fascinating stories or noteworthy personalities that should be included, we encourage you to contact Gravestone Stories. They welcome your contributions to enrich the cemetery’s historical tapestry.
Caroline Branham (1764 – March 13, 1843). Martha Washington’s Enslaved Chambermaid: Attendant to George Washington in His Final Moments
An enslaved individual, Caroline Branham (1764 – March 13, 1843) rests in an unmarked grave at Christ Church (or the 18th-century burial ground at Christ Church on N. Washington). Her final resting place lacks a gravestone to commemorate her life. Caroline’s journey as an enslaved person began at Mount Vernon and later continued at Arlington House, owned by George Washington Parke Custis (April 30, 1781 – October 10, 1857). She served as the chambermaid to Martha Dandridge Washington (June 1, 1731 – May 22, 1801). 1The official site of George Washington’s Mount Vernon, which has a page about Branham, has as a footnote that Branham is buried in the old Christ Church burial ground. Other sources, such as Find-A-Grave, indicate that Branham is buried in the Christ Church Cemetery on Wilkes Street. This makes sense since council orders stopped burials within Alexandria on May 1, 1809. The council occasionally authorized burial within the town limits, such as Dr. James Muir, Pastor of the Presbyterian Meeting House, who was buried 13 feet beneath the sanctuary floor when he died in 1820. However, burials such as his were the exception rather than the rule.
Please read the rest of her story on this blog: [Caroline Branham: the Enslaved Chambermaid Who Witnessed George Washington’s Final Moments].
Heath John Brent (1844 – March 25, 1865) Died two weeks before the Army of Northern Virginia surrendered
One of the poignant stories found within the confines of Christ Church Cemetery revolves around Heath John Brent. At the tender age of eighteen, Heath J. Brent answered the call to duty, enlisting in the 38th Battalion of Virginia Light Artillery in Richmond, in April 1862. Initially a private, his unwavering dedication and valor saw him rise through the ranks, ultimately attaining the esteemed position of sergeant. His unit, serving with unwavering resolve, participated in pivotal battles such as the Seven Days’ Battles, Gettysburg, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg.
In April 1863, misfortune struck as he was taken as a prisoner of war in Suffolk. However, fortune soon smiled upon him, as he was swiftly paroled and subsequently exchanged at Fort Monroe. Tragically, his promising life was tragically curtailed during the Siege of Petersburg on March 25, 1865, a mere fortnight prior to Robert E. Lee’s surrender at Appomattox. At that moment, Brent was only twenty-one years old, leaving behind a poignant chapter in the annals of history.
|HEATH J. BRENT|
Killed in battle
March 25, 1865
A soldier of the Cross
Dr. James Carson (1773 – September 9, 1855). Prosperous Merchant and War of 1812 Veteran: Escort to Lafayette’s Visit to Washington’s Tomb
Dr. James Carson is buried in Christ Church Cemetery, a War of 1812 Veteran recently honored by National Society United States Daughters of 1812 members.
You can read more about his story on this blog: [Dr. James Carson, a War of 1812 Veteran recently honored for his service!].
Also, see Elizabeth Lawrason.
in memory of
Dr. JAMES CARSON
a native of the county of Armagh, Ireland
who died September 9th, 1855
also his wife
a native of the county Armagh,
who died June 3rd, 1835
in the 53d year of her age
Major Samuel Cooper (June 13, 1757 – August 19, 1840) – Engaged in the Historic Boston Tea Party
As a member of The Sons of Liberty, Cooper participated in the Boston Tea Party on December 16, 1773, and wrote one of four known accounts of that night. He was only 16 years old.
To read more about his fascinating story, on this blog: [Major Samuel Cooper: a Boston Tea Party Participant and Revolutionary War Hero].
Cooper is buried in Lot 101:4. Two gravestones mark his grave. One is the original stone. Another is a modern stone. D. A. R. and S. A. R. markers are also present.
to the memory of
MAJOR SAMUEL COOPER
Who in early youth
At the First onset
Struck for Liberty
and continued to wield the sword
in the defence of his Country
Until Victory Crowned her arms
He fought at
Bunker-Hill, Trenton, Brandy-Wine
At German-Town and at Monmouth
and other sanguinary Fields.
As then a valiant soldier
So in afterlife, was he
an active and estimable Citizen
an upright man and a
He was born
in the State of Massachusetts,
in the state of Virginia
on the 19th of August A.D. 1840
At the age of 84 Years.
Samuel Cooper (June 12, 1798 – December 3, 1876) – Highest Ranking Confederate General
The esteemed son of Major Samuel Cooper rose to become a highly respected United States Army officer. However, in March 1861, he made the momentous decision to relinquish his role, and almost immediately, he was appointed as a Brigadier General, Adjutant, and Inspector General of the Confederate Army. His swift ascent continued, as in 1862, he was promoted to Full General, assuming the prestigious position as the top-ranking officer in the Confederate Army. He held this significant role under the direct command of Confederate President Jefferson Davis.
Throughout his distinguished career, one of his final and crucial responsibilities was to safeguard and ultimately surrender the official records of the Confederate Army to the United States Government upon the war’s conclusion. This honorable duty marked a moment of transition and closure as the nation sought to heal and rebuild after the tumultuous years of the Civil War.
Cooper exchanged vows with Sarah Maria Mason, General John Mason’s esteemed daughter, and George Mason IV’s great-granddaughter. Together, they established their home in Cameron, near Alexandria, where they were blessed with three children. Their offspring were named Sarah Maria Cooper Wheaton, who rests in peace at Oak Hill Cemetery in Washington, D.C., Major Samuel Cooper Jr., whose final resting place is at Christ Church, and Virginia Mason Cooper Dawson, buried in Ivy Hill Cemetery.
Tragically, Cameron faced destruction during the construction of Fort Williams at the onset of the American Civil War. The Union soldiers occupying the site called it “Traitor’s Hill.” The bricks from Cameron were repurposed to construct the fort’s magazine, a historical landmark that can now be found near present-day 212 North Quaker Lane, serving as a solemn reminder of the significant events that unfolded during this tumultuous period.
U.S.A and C.S.A.
1798 – 1876
Robert Rollins Fowle (March 20, 1832 – March 8, 1873)
The son of William Fowle, known as Rollins, led a remarkable life marked by significant events and contributions. He attended Harvard University and bravely fought in the Civil War as part of Kemper’s Alexandria Artillery, commanded by Delaware Kemper, now laid to rest in St. Paul’s Cemetery.
After the war, Rollins married Barbara Saunders and settled on the 191-acre Frankhonia Farm, which he inherited from his father, William Fowle. This farm became the foundation for the present-day community of Franconia, and the road leading through it was aptly named Franconia Road in honor of Fowle’s legacy.
In 1871, Rollins sold 18 acres of his farm to the Alexandria & Fredericksburg Railway Company, which marked the birth of Franconia Railroad Station. This station served the community until 1903, playing a pivotal role in the region’s development.
Franconia Road has held historical significance throughout the years, formerly known as Old Fairfax Road. It played a vital role as a “rolling road,” facilitating the transportation of massive tobacco barrels, known as hogsheads, from neighboring plantations to Alexandria’s port.
Rollins spent his days in his cherished home on Potter’s Lane, situated off Old Franconia Road, until he passed away in 1873, leaving a lasting impact on the region’s history and development.
|R. ROLLINS FOWLE|
WILLIAM & ESTER D[asheill Taylor] FOWLE
died March 8, 1873
aged 41 years
Fowle, William Holmes (October 18, 1808 – October 4, 1869) Scarred in 1827 Duel against Louis Cazenove
Fowle, Jr., the son of William H. Fowle, Sr., was known for his bold and spirited nature. An incident unfolded when he dueled with Louis Cazenove, hailing from another affluent family in Alexandria. In 1827, Fowle took offense at something Cazenove had written about Fowle’s relatives in Boston.
Upon learning about Cazenove’s words, Fowle sought an apology, which Cazenove duly provided (for more on Cazenove, follow this [link]). Despite receiving the apology, Fowle remained dissatisfied and resolved to challenge Cazenove to a duel. On December 26, 1827, the duel occurred on Maryland soil across the Potomac River.
Skilled with firearms, Fowle faced off against Cazenove, who had only recently handled a loaded pistol the night before the duel. With nerves taut, they stood, ready to fire at the agreed-upon time. The onlookers could not definitively determine who shot first. Unfortunately, Fowle missed his mark, but Cazenove’s shot found its way, leaving a lasting scar on Fowle’s face. Despite the injury, Fowle survived the ordeal.
Eventually, they put their animosity aside, choosing to reconcile and forge ahead. Fowle’s life took a successful turn in business, following in his father’s footsteps. He found love with Eliza Hooe, hailing from a prominent family in Northern Virginia, and together they raised a large family.
William H. Fowle held various prominent positions during his career. He served as a director in the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, assumed the role of president at the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company, and also held the position of president at the Bank of the Old Dominion.
However, despite his successes in other ventures, William H. Fowle faced misfortune in the flour business. His company’s flour plant, known as Pioneer Mill, enjoyed reasonable success for seven years, starting from 1854 and continuing until 1861.
The turning point came in 1861 with the onset of the Civil War in Alexandria. During this turbulent period, Union forces took control of the mill, converting it into a warehouse for army commissary goods.
In 1869, upon his passing, Fowle was laid to rest in Christ Church Cemetery, where he rests in Lot P, leaving behind a legacy characterized by his unwavering perseverance, his success, and the enduring bonds of family. Remarkably, his gravestone features a distinctive bridge that aligns with that of his wife, Eliza T., who passed away on June 3, 1869, just a few months before him.
ELIZA T. Hooe
wife of WILLAM H. FOWLE
Died June 3rd, 1869
aged 61 years.
|_____ in life, in death|
WILLIAM H. FOWLE
Died Oct. 4th 1869
aged 61 years
Volunteer Firefighter J. Carson Greene: In Memoriam (Died November 17, 1855, at the Dowell China Shop Fire)
On the night of November 17, 1855, Greene was among the seven men who lost their lives while fighting a fire with the Star Fire Company at the Dowell China Shop located at 203 King Street (a building that no longer exists).
Greene’s burial place in Christ Church Episcopal is unknown. He could be buried in the Friendship Fire House plot E:60 in the Methodist Protestant Cemetery.
His name can be found on the Fire Fighters Obelisk at the entrance of Ivy Hill Cemetery on King Street, alongside James Keene and William Evans, George O. Plain, G. David Appich, John Roach, and Robert I. Taylor.
Greene’s mother was Ann Carson Greene, who rests in Christ Church Episcopal Cemetery (1773 – September 9, 1855). She was the daughter of Dr. James Carson, a veteran of the War of 1812. Ann married Edward Greene, who served as a tax collector at the port of Alexandria, on December 20, 1827. Their family’s final resting place is predominantly within the same cemetery.
Dr. James Carson, the patriarch and Greene’s maternal grandfather, was at the forefront of a civic procession, which included a young Robert E. Lee, then 17 years old, to honor the Marquis de Lafayette during his visit to George Washington’s tomb. Dr. Carson’s sister, Elizabeth Lawrason, hosted Lafayette in her home. For her hospitality, the city council honored Mrs. Lawrason with a commemorative silver cup.
Catherine Weinraub, a historian with the Friendship Veterans Fire Engine Association, notes that Dr. Carson was an active member of the Friendship Fire Company from 1810 to 1845. During this time, he held the position of company commander for 19 years.
George Gilpin (1740 – December 27, 1813) Surveyor, Pallbearer for Washington, and Veteran of the Revolutionary War
He was exceptional and actively engaged in numerous aspects of civic life. Notably, he played pivotal roles in the Fairfax Committee of Safety and the Fairfax Militia, standing shoulder-to-shoulder with Washington in significant battles such as the Battle of Dorchester Heights, the New Jersey Campaign, and the Battle of Germantown.
Beyond his military service, he showcased his visionary leadership as a director of the Patowmack Company and the Little River Turnpike Company. The latter was responsible for constructing a 34-mile road connecting Duke Street to the Little River at Aldie, Virginia.
His dedication to public service was evident through his diverse roles, ranging from serving as a Judge of the Orphan’s Court to being a postmaster, collector of customs, and harbor master. Additionally, he shared an exceptional moment with President George Washington when they laid the cornerstone of the U.S. Capitol Building on September 18, 1793.
He actively participated in significant civic projects, passionately supporting the national capital’s location on the Potomac and holding the prestigious position of mayor in Matildaville. Named after Matilda Ludwell Lee, the first wife of “Light Horse” Harry Lee, Matildaville was home to the workers constructing a canal on the Virginia side of the Great Falls on the Potomac River, enabling smoother boat navigation.
In Alexandria, he played a vital role as a surveyor. In 1798, as the city expanded, Virginia entrusted him with overseeing the leveling and paving (known as “banking out”) of its streets. His most notable achievement was the removal of tall bluffs, around twenty to thirty feet high, located east of what is now Lee Street. With remarkable resourcefulness, he utilized the soil from these bluffs to fill a considerable area east of Lee Street in Old Town, shaping the city’s landscape for the better.
Gilpin’s close connection to George Washington’s family from the English side granted him a special place of honor at Washington’s funeral. As a distinguished guest, he stood proudly on the right side of Washington’s coffin, leading the funeral procession at Mount Vernon on December 18, 1799. The commemoration of his historical importance can be found near his residence at 206 King Street, where a plaque pays tribute to his role.
Home ofThe inscription on the Gilpin House in Alexandria’s historical plaque was presented by the Kate Waller Barrett Chapter of the DAR in 1979. The Gilpin House itself dates back to circa 1798.
George Gilpin 1740-1813
Member, Fairfax Committee of Safety
Colonel, Virginia Regiment Fairfax Militia,
Served with General George Washington
in New Jersey campaign and Battle of Germantown
Surveyor of the Town of Alexandria 1798
then part of the District of Columbia
Member of the Alexandria Lodge of Masons
Vestryman of Christ Church
Honorary Pallbearer to General Washington
Following his passing, Gilpin found his final resting place in plot 76 within Christ Church Cemetery. Regrettably, his gravestone has been lost over time, leaving a void in preserving his memory for posterity. Nonetheless, his legacy remains cherished and remembered for his meaningful contributions.
|In memory of|
who departed this life
March 18, 1860
William Hodgson (1765 – November 8, 1820) was a Merchant, Banker, and Trusted Associate of Washington
He was an esteemed member of various organizations, leaving a significant mark on Alexandria’s history. As a valued Masonic Lodge No. 22 member and a dedicated vestryman of Christ Church since 1813, he demonstrated a deep commitment to his community’s welfare. Notably, he served as the original Director of the Bank of Potomac during 1804-05, contributing to the region’s financial growth.
His involvement in various institutions extended to his role as a Founding Member of the Alexandria Library Company in 1794, emphasizing his passion for knowledge and education. Furthermore, he actively participated in the Relief Fire Co. in 1788 and the Sun Fire Company in 1798, displaying his dedication to safeguarding his fellow citizens from the perils of fire.
Originally hailing from England, he bore a unique past, having spent two years in Newgate Prison for daring to refer to George III as a “German Hogbutcher.” Despite this earlier ordeal, he later found himself frequently visiting Mount Vernon and playing an integral part in Washington’s funeral procession, a testament to the high regard in which he was held.
His life intertwined with that of Portia Lee (1777 – February 10, 1840), whom he married. Following her passing, she found her final resting place alongside him. Portia was the daughter of William and Hannah Phillip Lee, esteemed owners of Green Spring Plantation near Williamsburg, Virginia.
The couple resided at 207 Prince Street, a residence that would later become the property of Lewis McKenzie, who was buried in The Presbyterian Cemetery. In this cherished home, the memories of their lives were interwoven with the rich tapestry of Alexandria’s vibrant history.
|To the memory of|
a native of Whitehaven in
a citizen of the United States of
and late the Town of Washington
in the District of Columbia
He died on the VIII of November
Aged LV years.
Joseph Ingle (1763 – 1818): The Craftsman Behind George Washington’s Final Resting Place
In the annals of American history, Joseph Ingle holds a unique place. Four years after he married Mary Simmon in December 1795, he and his brother, Henry Ingle, were entrusted with a somber task. The funeral accounts of George Washington, who passed away on December 14, 1799, detail an expenditure of $88 paid to the Ingles for a finely crafted mahogany coffin adorned with a silver plate and lace.
Earlier in 1795, Joseph had acquired a property at 112 South Royal Street in Alexandria, for which he paid an annual ground rent of $50. By June of that year, he announced the continuation of his “Cabinet and Chair-Making Business” at his location on Royal Street. By 1817, Ingle decided to part with the property, selling it for $1,500. The stipulation that the buyer would assume the annual ground rent suggests Ingle significantly improved the property during his tenure.
Sadly, in October 1818, Joseph Ingle passed away. He was laid to rest in Christ Church Cemetery, with records suggesting his final resting place was either lot 49 or 50. However, the exact location remains lost to history. His 18th-century building on South Royal Street still stands. In a poignant connection to the nation’s first president, Joseph’s wife, Mary, was later buried in Washington’s Congressional Cemetery, further intertwining the Ingle family’s legacy with the nation’s capital.
James Lawrason (December 2, 1753 – April 18, 1823)
During the Revolutionary War, he served as the caretaker of a smallpox inoculation facility situated at Jones Point in Alexandria. This site played a pivotal role in administering inoculations and overseeing the subsequent quarantine of soldiers hailing from the Southern Department of the Continental Army, primarily from the regions of Virginia and the Carolinas.
The conditions at the facility were deplorable, as one witness recounted, “The men were so inadequately clothed, lying on the frigid floor… One of the ailing individuals possessed nothing more than an old shirt and half of a worn-out blanket… That very night, some of them perished, likely due to the lack of warm clothing.”
Lawrason, a merchant, collaborated with Benjamin Shreve, sharing ownership of a warehouse located at 100 Prince Street. Lawrason’s residence was situated at 305 S. Asaph Street. He held a membership at Christ Church and rented pew No. 19 there. On June 23, 1779, he married Alice Levering, originally from Roxborough, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. However, her family relocated to Loudoun County, Virginia, in 1775. James and Alice had at least four children who survived into adulthood. Church records from Christ Church also sadly note the loss of another child in 1788.
The obelisk belonging to James and Alice Lawrason stands within Christ Church Cemetery, adjacent to the historic 1796 Mandeville Lane. Alice passed away on her 65th birthday, April 25, 1821.
December 2nd, 1753
April 18, 1823
wife of JAMES LAWRASON
April 25th, 1756
died April 25th, 1821
Thomas Lawrason (March 27, 1780- July 7, 1819) Merchant’s Opulent Home: Lafayette’s Lodging and Legacy of a Prominent Figure
Also, see Dr. James Carson.
The son of James and Alice Lawrason, he married Elizabeth Carson on Tuesday, October 18, 1808, in Baltimore, Maryland, and settled into their home at 301 St. Asaph Street around 1815. Elizabeth was the daughter of Doctor Samuel Carson, who, along with his wife Jane Hamilton, rests in peace at Christ Church. Doctor Samuel Carson was born in 1747 and passed away on January 25, 1831, while Jane Hamilton was born in 1763 and departed on January 18, 1828.
Despite his young age of 39, Lawrason proved to be a prosperous trader. Tragically, his life was cut short, leaving behind his beloved wife, Elizabeth. She remained active in the community, known for her warm hospitality. Notably, she had the honor of welcoming the Marquis de La Fayette to her home during his visit to Alexandria in 1824.
Among Elizabeth’s close relatives was her brother, Dr. James Carson, who was mentioned earlier. Their family bonds and contributions to the community created a lasting legacy that continued to be remembered and cherished by the people of Alexandria.
to the memory of
who departed thie life
on the 7th day of June
Annon Domini 1819
aged 39 years
2 months and 11 days
Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord
Elizabeth embarked on a journey to New Orleans to be reunited with her youngest son, George. Sadly, on April 14, 1851, she breathed her last. Time took its toll, and the mighty Mississippi River gradually washed away her resting place, veiling it with its unforgiving currents.
However, a poignant monument in the cemetery stands as a timeless tribute to remember her. Nestled in lot 6:6, this solemn memorial serves as a poignant reminder of Elizabeth’s presence and the cherished memories she left behind. Though nature may have concealed her physical remains, her legacy lives on through the enduring symbol of the monument, forever etching her name in the hearts of those who honor her memory.
to the memory of
Relict of THOMAS LAWRASON
Died in New Orleans, Louisiana
on April 14, 1851
in the 60th Year of her age
Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.
Cassius Francis Lee, Sr. (May 22, 1808 – January 23, 1890) Historic Home: Where Lee Was Extended a Commission to Lead Virginia Forces
Cassius, the son of Edmond Jennings Lee and Sarah Caldwell Lee, shared a close familial bond with his cousin, the renowned Robert E. Lee. They grew up together after Robert’s family relocated to Alexandria in 1811. Cassius made his home at 428 N. Washington Street, Alexandria, Virginia, until 1865. 428 N. Washington Street is also known as the Lloyd House.
Cassius was married to two women in his lifetime. His first wife was Hanna Phillippa Ludwell Hopkins, and they married in 1833. Following her passing, he married Ann Elza Gardner, Anthony Cazenove’s granddaughter, and Anthony Cazenove was laid to rest in the Presbyterian Cemetery. Both of Cassius’ wives found their final resting places close to him.
Cassius was a solemn pall-bearer for George Washington Parke Custis during his burial in the private family cemetery on the Arlington estate. Alongside Phillip R. Fendall, II, he fulfilled this honor. Fendall’s resting place is in the Presbyterian Cemetery.
On Saturday, April 20, 1861, Robert E. Lee retired from the United States Army. The following Sunday, after attending Christ Church in Alexandria, a crucial meeting occurred at Cassius’s house, which Lee considered his second home. Recognizing the gravity of the situation, Cassius sent his children to the residence of his first cousin, Ann Harriotte Lee Lloyd, during the meeting. Lee was offered the role of commander-in-chief of the Virginia forces during this gathering. (To read a first-person account of that weekend, see Harriotte Lee Taliaferro below.)
On Monday, Lee journeyed with the commissioners to Richmond by train. In Richmond, on April 23rd, he officially accepted the position offered to him in Alexandria by the Secession Convention.
Cassius, a significant figure in his own right, found his final resting place in lot 27:3, forever remembered for his ties to Robert E. Lee and the historic events he witnessed and participated in during his lifetime.
CASSIUS F. LEE
who died in Alexandria
Janurary 23, 1890
in the 82nd year of his age
Edmund Jennings Lee I (May 20, 1772 – May 30, 1843)
Lee, a prominent lawyer and influential figure in Alexandria, Virginia, belonged to the esteemed Lee family of Virginia and resided at the historic Lee-Fendall House for a significant period.
Read more about him at this blog [Edmund Jennings Lee I (May 20, 1772 – May 30, 1843) – Eminent Jurist and Statesman]
|EDMUND J. LEE|
30th May, 1843
aged 71 years, 10 days
My Flesh shall rest in hope
Francis Lightfoot Lee II: Legacy & Loss (1782 – 1850)
Born on June 18, 1782, in Chantilly, Fairfax, Virginia, Francis Lightfoot Lee II was the son of Richard Henry Lee and Anne Gaskins. His father was distinguished, signing the Articles of Confederation and the Declaration of Independence. Named after his uncle, another signer of these pivotal documents, Francis II carried a legacy from birth.
After graduating from Harvard University, Francis II became a respected lawyer in Virginia. In 1807, he married Elizabeth Fitzgerald, and they started a family together. However, tragedy struck the same year when Elizabeth passed away. In a twist of fate, Francis II married her sister, Jane Fitzgerald, in 1810. Both sisters were descendants of Colonel John Fitzgerald, a renowned Revolutionary War veteran.
In 1811, Francis II acquired the Sully estate in Fairfax County from his second cousin, Richard Bland Lee, marking a significant chapter in his family’s history. Despite the joys, he faced further heartbreak when Jane died in 1816, shortly after giving birth to their fifth child.
Politically, Francis II mirrored his family’s legacy. He served as a U.S. Senator from Virginia between 1789 and 1792, championing anti-federalist principles but always open to dialogue. However, a series of unfortunate events, including a hand injury from a gun explosion and a carriage accident, curtailed his political ambitions. He retreated to his Chantilly estate for solace.
Two sons stood out from his union with Jane: Samuel Phillips Lee, who married Elizabeth Blair Lee, a resident of the now-famous Blair House opposite the White House, and John Fitzgerald Lee, who significantly influenced Maryland’s politics. Samuel’s loyalty to the North during the Civil War starkly contrasted with his third cousins, Robert E. Lee and Sydney Smith Lee, who sided with the Confederacy.
By 1819, personal losses took a toll on Francis II’s mental health, leading to a gentle yet irreversible decline. Although he had made provisions for his children and the Sully estate, mismanagement by trustees led to the loss of the estate. Francis II spent his later years in mental health facilities, primarily in Pennsylvania, before returning to Virginia in 1849. He passed away a year later in an asylum near Alexandria.
Francis Lightfoot Lee II and his wives, Elizabeth and Jane Fitzgerald, were interred in Alexandria’s Christ Church Episcopal Cemetery within the Wilkes Street Cemetery Complex. Unfortunately, the exact resting places of Elizabeth and Jane remain a mystery.
to the memory of
FRANCIS L. LEE
Born 18th June 1782
Died April 13th, 1850
Sarah Caldwell “Sally” Lee Lee (November 27, 1775 – May 8, 1837)
Sarah was born on November 27, 1775, in Westmoreland County, Virginia, to Richard Henry Lee, then 43, and Anne Gaskins, aged 30. Richard played a crucial role in American history, not only by introducing the Lee Resolution on June 7, 1776, which led to the drafting and subsequent adoption of the Declaration of Independence but also by penning the first national Thanksgiving Day proclamation on October 31, 1777. Later, under the new Constitution, Richard Henry Lee became one of Virginia’s first Senators, winning more votes than any other candidate. In the Senate, he maintained his antifederalist views but was also recognized as a moderate who was open to compromise. Richard Henry Lee died on June 19, 1794, at his estate in Chantilly, Westmoreland County, Virginia. He was laid to rest in the so-called Burnt House Field family graveyard at the Lee Family estate, Mount Pleasant, in Westmoreland County, positioned among his ancestors and between his two wives.
In 1789, she entered into matrimony with Edmund Jennings Lee I in Westmoreland County, Virginia. Their union gave rise to a large and affectionate family, graced with at least nine sons and five daughters, forming a lively household brimming with happiness and treasured moments. She is interred in Lot 4:3.
|MRS. SARAH LEE|
E. J. LEE, Esqr.
& daughter of
RICHARD HENRY LEE
departed this life May 8th, 1837
in the 62nd year of her age
My Hope is in Christ.
Her children shall rise up an
call her blessed.
Sarah “Sally” Lee (1801 – April 14, 1879) – Part of the Esteemed Lee Family
Residing in the historic Lee-Fendall House alongside her parents, Sally experienced the rich history of her family’s home. When her father passed away, Sally and her sister, Hannah Lee Stewart, became inheritors of this cherished property. As time passed, they decided to sell the house to Harriot Stuart Cazenove, a close relative, ensuring that the house remained within the family’s circle and continued to hold its unique place in their hearts.
Daughter of EDMUND I. & SALLY LEE
Died April 14, 1879
in the 78th year of
Forever with the Lord.
Sydney Smith Lee (September 2, 1802 – July 22, 1869) – Member of the Lee Family, Celebrated US Navy officer.
Sydney Smith Lee (September 2, 1802 – July 22, 1869), a distinguished member of the renowned Lee Family, rests among twenty-six individuals with the Lee surname at Christ Church Cemetery. He held the esteemed position of being the older brother of Robert E. Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870). Notably, Sydney became a celebrated United States naval officer, gaining recognition for his achievements.
To dive deeper into his intriguing life, please explore this blog:[Discover the Legacy of Sydney Smith Lee: Celebrated Naval Officer and Brother of Robert E. Lee].
to the memory of
SYDNEY SMITH LEE
Born Sept. 2, 1801
Died July 22, 1869
Blessed are the pure in heart
for they shall see God
to the memory of
ANNA MARIA MASON
Commodore S.S. LEE
Born Feb. 26, 1811
Died November. 3, 1898
He giveth His beloved sleep
Ann Harriotte Lee Lloyd (March 6, 1799 – September 9, 1863) -First Cousins: Linked in Kinship, One of Whom is Robert E. Lee
As the first cousin of Robert E. Lee, she shared a close family tie with the renowned general. She married John Lloyd and established their residence at The Lloyd House at 220 N. Washington Street in Alexandria, VA. Today, this historical residence houses the Office of Alexandria Historic Alexandria administrative office as a tangible link to the past and a symbol of their familial connection.
|In memory of our mother|
wife of JOHN LLOYD
and daughter of
EDMUND J. and SARAH LEE
Born March 6, 1799
Died September 9, 1863
Edmond Jennings Lloyd (August 27, 1822 – October 1, 1889) A Life of Service and Solitude
Edmond Jennings Lloyd (August 27, 1822 – October 1, 1889) was a man of diverse pursuits and unwavering commitment. After attending the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y., he fulfilled his military obligations before transitioning into a successful career as a merchant in Virginia.
As the dark clouds of the War Between the States gathered on the horizon, Lloyd answered the call of duty again. He was appointed Captain, Assistant Commissary of Subsistence, a position that would shape his life during this tumultuous era. In this capacity, he served with distinction in various theaters of conflict: first in the C.S. Army of Northwest Virginia from October 1861 until his posting at Gordonsville by April 5, 1862. His commitment to the cause led him to the heart of the struggle, the Army of Northern Virginia, where he served from July 1862 until his stationing at Danville on December 24, 1862, a role he would fulfill until the war’s end.
Edmond Jennings Lloyd’s unwavering dedication and service remained steadfast throughout these challenging years. Following the war, he returned to civilian life, inheriting his family home and embracing a life marked by solitude. Never married, he proudly considered himself a “gentleman” of his time. Upon his passing on October 1, 1889, he found his final rest in the family plot, leaving behind a legacy of duty, resilience, and individuality.
EDMUND JENNINGS LLOYD
Eldest son of
JOHN & HARRIOTTE LLOYD
Born Agust 27th, 1822
Died October 1, 1889.
John Lloyd ( November 16, 1775-July 22, 1854): Proprietor of the Historic Lloyd House at 220 N. Washington Street
An Alexandria-based merchant specializing in dry goods and hats, this individual was a prominent landowner with real estate assets in Alexandria City and Fairfax County, notably the 1300-acre “Salisbury Farm.” His roles in the community included serving as a Director of the Bank of Alexandria, a Director of the Fauquier & Alexandria Turnpike Company, and a Trustee for the Alexandria Academy.
He initially married Rebecca Janney, who passed away in 1817. Together, they had several children: John Janney (1800-1871), Nicolas Waln, who died in infancy, Horatio Nelson (1804-1860), Selina (1807-1871), Alfred (1811-1812), Richard Henry, who also died the year he was born (1815), and Frederick (1817-1868).
In 1820, he wed a second time, choosing a woman significantly younger than himself and a first cousin to Robert E. Lee. Residing at 609 Oronoco Street in Alexandria, they had a family that included Edmund Jennings (1822-1889), Rebecca (1824-1873), Anne Hariotte (1826-1888), George Francis (1828-1866), and Jean Charlotte Washington (1834-1914). Their youngest daughter, Mary Lee “Minnie,” was born around 1833, ’34, or ’35.
The Lloyd House, erected by John Wise around 1798, became the home of James Marshall, Assistant Judge of the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia from 1801 to 1803. Marshall’s brother, John, assumed the role of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in 1801. By 1810, Wise had sold the property at 429 to Jacob Hoffman, the Mayor of Alexandria from 1803 to 1804. The house changed hands in 1828 when John Lloyd, married to Ann Harriott Lee Lloyd — the daughter of Edmund Jennings Lee and who is also buried at Christ Church — acquired it. The Lloyd lineage maintained ownership until 1918, and throughout its history, the Lloyd House was twice rescued from demolition by the Historic Alexandria Foundation.
This Georgian-style edifice is one of Alexandria’s finest remaining examples of late eighteenth-century architecture. Following Lloyd’s tenure, William Albert Smoot, Jr. (buried in Ivy Hill), a lumber merchant, and his lineage took residence. Smoot’s tenure as Mayor of Alexandria was notable for being under the city’s inaugural manager-led government. He also served as a delegate to the Virginia House of Delegates. The Smoot family held the property until 1942.
Today, the Lloyd House is the administrative office for the Office of Historic Alexandria. It is available for private event rentals, continuing its legacy as a cornerstone of local heritage.
|In memory of|
a Husband and
whom we all revered
and dearly loved
Born Nov. 16, 1775
Died July 22, 1854
James Murray Mason (November 3, 1798 – April 28, 1871) – Notable for Crafting the 1850 Fugitive Slave Act and Involvement in the Trent Affair
He was the son of John Mason and the grandson of George Mason of Gunston Hall. Described as arrogant, overbearing, and unconventional, he was a staunch state rights advocate who firmly believed slavery was the cornerstone of Southern society. Before the American Civil War, he was a U.S. Congressman and U.S. Senator.
He is best known for writing the 1850 Fugitive Slave Act and the Trent Affair, a diplomatic crisis between the United States and Great Britain at the beginning of the American Civil War.
Read more about him on this blog [The Author of the 1850 Fugitive Slave Act].
|JAMES MURRAY MASON|
of Selma, near Winchester. Va.
November 3rd, 1798
at Clarens, Fairfax Co. Va.
April 28th 1871
General John Mason (April 4, 1766 – March 19, 1849) – Catalyst for the Star-Spangled Banner and Other Remarkable Associations
General John Mason (April 4, 1766 – March 19, 1849) was essential in sending Francis Scott Key on the mission that eventually led to the writing of the United States National Anthem, known as “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
Read more about his remarkable life at this blog: [General John Mason: the Man Behind the Star-Spangled Banner and Other Remarkable Connections].
Clermont, Fairfax County
April 4, 1766
March 19, 1849
|ANNA MARIA MASON|
wife of JOHN MASON
of Clermont, Virginia
born Oct. 13, 1776
Died Nov. 29, 1857
Thomson Francis Mason (1785- December 21, 1838) From Judiciary to Leadership: Judge, Planter, Councilman, and Alexandria’s Mayor
Thomson Francis Mason, born into the prestigious Mason family of Virginia, exemplifies the legacy of this prominent lineage. His life, rooted in his grandfather George Mason IV’s estate and immersed in Virginia’s political and societal dynamics, reflects the values and complexities of the elite society of the time.
Read more about him at this blog [Thomson Francis Mason: A Legacy of Leadership and Legal Influence].
|In memory of|
THOMSON FRANCIS MASON
Died Dec. 21, 1838
Aged 53 years.
Died May 7, 1873
Aged 71 years.
Their infant children
ARTHUR and CLAPMAN
their daughter MATILDA E RHETT
Died Feb 22, 1871
A. CAMPBELL MASON
Died April 18, 1888
Aged 18 years
I know that my Redeemer liveth.
CAROLINE M. MASON
youngest daughter of
THOMAS F. and BETSEY CLAPMAN
Born March 9, 1832
Died January 31, 1919.
Major Henry Piercy ( Died June 17, 1809) Warrior of the Revolution and Entrepreneur: Veteran, Proprietor of Pottery, Glass, and China Shop
A missing gravestone once belonged to Henry Piercy, a notable figure in Alexandria’s history. He was a skilled potter and operated a successful pottery business at the corner of South Washington and Duke Street. He also ran a shop specializing in glass and china at 406 King Street. Henry was part of a talented family, as his brothers Christian and Jacob were also skilled potters.
The Piercy brothers played an active role in the Revolutionary War and experienced the harsh winter of 1777-78 at Valley Forge. Henry’s dedication to the cause led him to fight in every major battle of the Revolution alongside George Washington, except for the Battle of Yorktown in 1782. Unfortunately, he sustained an injury just two days before the crucial Battle of Yorktown near the Yorktown region.
Aside from his military contributions, Henry was a prominent member of Alexandria’s Masonic Lodge and was present when the cornerstone of the U.S. Capitol was laid. Additionally, he had the honor of leading the Independent Blues of Alexandria during George Washington’s funeral, showcasing his deep connection with the nation’s founding father.
Although Henry Piercy’s gravestone may be missing, the impact of his life and accomplishments continue to resonate within the annals of Alexandria’s rich heritage.
George W. Rock (1825- January 22, 1886) Ink and Ideas: Proficient Washington Printer and Literary Contributor
Rock was a skilled printer in Washington, known for his literary contributions. One of his notable works, “A Concise History of the City of Alexandria, Virginia, 1669 to 1883, with a Directory of Reliable Business Houses in the City,” co-authored with Franklin Longden Brockett, remains a valuable historical source. Franklin Longden Brockett finds his final resting place in the Presbyterian Cemetery, a testament to their collaborative efforts.
Beyond his literary pursuits, Rock served as a town deputy sergeant and an esteemed city council member. Tragically, his life met an untimely end when he accidentally fell into a well, marking a sorrowful departure for this influential and respected figure in the community. Despite his unfortunate passing, his contributions and legacy continue to be remembered and appreciated for their significance in preserving the history and growth of Alexandria, Virginia.
|In memory of|
GEORGE W. ROCK
died Jan. 22 1886
aged 61 years
|GEORGE W. ROCK|
Jan. 22, 1886
Colonel Charles Edward Stuart (1823 – December 25, 1874) Leader of Alexandria Militia During John Brown’s 1859 Trial
During the trial of John Brown, Colonel Stuart assumed command of the 175th Virginia Militia stationed in Charlestown, Virginia (now West Virginia). Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry in October 1859 resulted in a significant historical event. Detailed accounts of Colonel Stuart’s involvement in this trial can be found in “A Concise History of the City of Alexandria, VA, from 1669 to 1883, With a Directory of Reliable Business Houses in the City” on page 32.
During the Civil War, when Union soldiers took control of Alexandria on May 24, 1861, Colonel Stuart decided to leave the area and relocate to a region under Confederate forces’ control. He did not return to Alexandria until after the war concluded. By the time of his passing, Colonel Stuart held the esteemed position of attorney for the Corporation of Alexandria, showcasing his significant contributions to the city.
At his funeral, Colonel Stuart was honored by pallbearers, among them Francis L. Smith, Jr., who now rests in the Presbyterian Cemetery. This final tribute is a testament to the respect and admiration Colonel Stuart commanded in his community.
Interestingly, Judge Charles Edward Stuart, Colonel Stuart’s son, also found his final resting place in the Presbyterian Cemetery, creating a lasting family connection in this historic burial ground.
CHAS. E. STUART
died Dec. 25, 1874
Harriotte Lee Taliaferro (April 15, 1840 – December 18, 1916)
Harriotte Hopkins Lee was born into the family of Cassius Francis Lee from Alexandria, who was not only a first cousin but also a childhood friend and trusted confidant of Robert E. Lee throughout his life. Harriotte shared a close bond with Robert E. Lee’s family at Arlington, as evidenced by Annie and Agnes Lee serving as her bridesmaids. Later in life, she recalled the “events in Virginia April 11 – 12, 1861”:
How I can recall my father’s bright smile of welcome when he recognized the unexpected visitor! After our greetings, I asked, “Can you tell me anything of Cousin Robert?” “Robert Lee?” he replied. “I don’t know anything in particular.” I said, “Fitzhugh has heard that he is under arrest in Washington.” He said, “I don’t think it can be true. I know he was at Arlington yesterday.”
The next morning on entering old Christ Church the first thing my eye rested on was Col. Lee seated in the end of his pew. He had sent me a saucy message to the effect that I was too young to be married, that my father ought to have scolded me for having the idea and told me to stay at home. But I was not remembering this now. I was thinking how his hair had become sprinkled with grey and that he looked older than my father who was about the same age. I planned in my mind more than I should have done during the hour of worship what I would tell him of Fitzhugh’s fears for him, but when the service was over he was nowhere to be seen.
The Arlington carriage was standing before the house of a relative, so there I went and found his daughter waiting. We had a long talk and I think alone, the family not having returned from church. There was so much to be heard on the street that it was not easy to stay indoors. But Col. Lee’s daughter had her own distress and seemed not to care to mingle with the crowd. I told her of seeing her brother, but what she told me so filled my mind as to make me forget other things. She told me that her father had the day before sent in his resignation to the War Department. On my expressing my great pleasure she replied, “It is no gratification to us, it is like a death in the house. Since my father went to West Point, the army had been his home and his life, he expected to live and die belonging to it, and only his sense of duty made him leave it.”
After waiting for some time and my Cousin Robert not returning I went to my home, to find that my father was also missing. We were waiting dinner, but he did not come. After some time he appeared explaining that he had taken a long walk with Robert Lee up the canal. “He has been offered command of the Virginia forces and is much disturbed as to what he shall do.” My father told us that he had advised him to do nothing until the ordinance had been ratified by the people, and that he had replied that he preferred to do that, but he did not know that it would be possible. We all know what he did do.
I stayed in Alexandria three weeks, but saw nothing more of the family at Arlington. The daughters were occupied with the care of their mother who was in great distress of mind, and in preparing to leave the home to which, as time proved, they were never to return. My friends in Southern Virginia were much concerned at my prolonged stay, but if destruction was coming to the town, as everyone thought, I wanted to be with it as long as I could. And my father insisted that so long as the family were safe at Arlington I must be safe too in Alexandria.Taliaferro, H. L. (1949). Memoir, 11–21 April 1861. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 57, 416-420. Retrieved from leefamilyarchive.org.
In November 1860, Harriotte joined in matrimony with Thomas Seddon Taliaferro from Gloucester County. After his death on January 10, 1918, he was buried in the Ware Episcopal Church Cemetery, Gloucester, Gloucester County, Virginia.
Born in Gloucester County in 1832, he was the son of Warner Taliaferro of Bellville and General William B. Taliaferro’s sibling, who served in the Confederate States Army. His home was at The Cottage, a well-known estate. As a professional, Major Taliaferro practiced law and was related to Andrew Seddon, the Confederate Secretary of State during the Civil War, as his nephew.
|HARRIOTTE LEE TALIAFERRO|
C.F. and H.P.L. LEE
Born in Alexandria, Virginia
April 15, 1840
died Berkeley, California
Dec 18, 1916.
Absent from the body
present with the Lord
Jonah Thompson (1756 – January 21, January 21, 1834) Prominent Ship Merchant, Civic Leader: President and Mayor, 1796-1797, 1805-1808
A prominent ship merchant and influential figure, he held several key positions in Alexandria, Virginia’s history. Notably, he served as the head of the Bank of Alexandria in 1821 and held the esteemed position of Mayor from 1796 to 1797. During Alexandria’s tenure as part of the District of Columbia, he assumed a pivotal role as the city’s leader from 1805 to 1808.
His prosperity and prominence were evident through his ownership of multiple houses in Alexandria, with one of his notable residences at 211 N. Fairfax Street reflecting his significant influence in the city’s affairs and his enduring connection to its growth and development.
to the memory of
who departed this life
om the 21st of January 1834
in the 77th year
of his age
Sources of Information
Moore, G. M. (1949). Seaport in Virginia, George Washington’s Alexandria. Garrett and Massie, Incorporated: Richmond, Virginia.
The Alexandria Association. (1956). Our Town 1749 – 1865. The Dietz Printing Company: At Gadsby’s Tavern Alexandria, Virginia.
Lee, C. G., Jr. (1957). Lee Chronicle: Studies of the Early Generations of the Lees of Virginia. Published for The Society of the Lees of Virginia by Thomson-Shore: Dexter, Michigan.
Pippenger, W. E. (1992). Tombstone Inscriptions of Alexandria, VA (Volume 3). Family Line Publications: Westminster, Maryland.
Powell, M. G. (2000). The History of Old Alexandria, VA, from July 13, 1749 – May 24, 1861. Index by Pippenger, W. E. Willow Bend Books: Westminster, Maryland.
Madison, R. L. (2003). Walking with Washington. Gateway Press, Inc.: Baltimore, Maryland.
Hakenson, D. C. (2011). This Forgotten Land Volume II, Biographical Sketches of Confederate Veterans Buried in Alexandria, Virginia. Self-published: Alexandria, Virginia.
Clark, C. S. (2021). George Washington Parke Custis: A Rarefied Life in America’s First Family. McFarland & Company, Inc.: Jefferson, North Carolina.
Bennett, C. (2023). Selected notes on the Carson family.
The Scottville Museum. (2023). [Official Website]. Scottsville, Virginia. Retrieved from [Link].
Cooper, J. L. (2011, June 16). Ingle Family (Washington, D.C.). Students of the University of Virginia, 1825-1874. ]https://uvastudents.wordpress.com/2011/06/16/ingle-family-washington-d-c/]
City of Alexandria, VA. (2021, December 27). The Lloyd House. [Link].
Lee Family Archive. (n.d.). https://leefamilyarchive.org
- 1The official site of George Washington’s Mount Vernon, which has a page about Branham, has as a footnote that Branham is buried in the old Christ Church burial ground. Other sources, such as Find-A-Grave, indicate that Branham is buried in the Christ Church Cemetery on Wilkes Street. This makes sense since council orders stopped burials within Alexandria on May 1, 1809. The council occasionally authorized burial within the town limits, such as Dr. James Muir, Pastor of the Presbyterian Meeting House, who was buried 13 feet beneath the sanctuary floor when he died in 1820. However, burials such as his were the exception rather than the rule.